Mary Hufford conducted fieldwork for a Lehigh Valley cultural survey, sponsored by the Pennsylvania Council on the Arts and Jump Street. The survey documented practitioners of traditional arts that structure and express human relationships to nature and the land, including beekeeping, fly tying, turkey calling, wildcrafting, spinning, and community gardens. These are practices found throughout the Appalachian region and beyond, with potential for subregional and ethnic variation. How do the practices within Appalachian subregions register ecological and historical differences? How, through the transmission of such practices, does the land continue to engage new generations and immigrant communities in cultivating ecological citizenship?